• An overhauled Bloom's for 21st Century Learning! The blue chart at the bottom details the changes form the original version to the updated, current model described directly below. For more information, visit the "Links" page under the "Curriculum Corner" tab.
    Richard C. Overbaugh
    Lynn Schultz
    Old Dominion University
    Bloom's Taxonomy

    In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of educational psychologists who developed a classification of levels of intellectual behavior important in learning. During the 1990's a new group of cognitive psychologist, lead by Lorin Anderson (a former student of Bloom's), updated the taxonomy reflecting relevance to 21st century work.  Note the change from Nouns to Verbs to describe the different levels of the taxonomy.
    Remembering: can the student recall or remember the information?
    define, duplicate, list, memorize, recall, repeat, reproduce state
    Understanding: can the student explain ideas or concepts?
    classify, describe, discuss, explain, identify, locate, recognize, report, select, translate, paraphrase
    Applying: can the student use the information in a new way?
    choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write.
    Analyzing: can the student distinguish between the different parts?
    appraise, compare, contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, question, test.
    Evaluating: can the student justify a stand or decision?
    appraise, argue, defend, judge, select, support, value, evaluate
    Creating: can the student create new product or point of view?
    assemble, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, write.
    Accessed 10/15/2009 from:

    Comparision Chart: Original Bloom's and Updated Verbs